FC2ブログ

スエーデン大使のブログ記事 言論の自由について 

スエーデン大使Lars Vargö氏のブログ Sweden in Japan 12月2日の記事に、言論の自由と、報道の自由について記されていた。

特定秘密保護法を批判する内容であることがすぐ分かる。

日本という国では、人権が尊いものだという意識が乏しい。言論の自由は、基本的人権のなかで民主主義の根幹をなす人権の一つだ。法律によってそうした人権を疎かにすることは許されない。こうした人権の尊さをないがしろにする政治家官僚を始め日本人全体に見られる傾向は、敗戦を契機にして、人権がよそから与えられたもののためなのだろうか。

Lars Vargö氏は、日本研究者でもあるという。彼の言葉に耳を傾けることが必要だ。


以下、引用~~~

Free speech and freedom of the press

02 December 2013 at 18:05
by Lars Vargö 0 recommends Post a comment


A lot of developments in various parts of the world have recently brought the questions of free speech and freedom of the press into focus. In Sweden these issues have been debated for centuries. In fact, as early as 1766 Sweden was the first country to introduce a constitutional law where censorship was abolished. This law was the first in the world to make most documents of the state authorities open and available for the citizens. Although there have been some backlashes on the way, this principle is still an important part of the Swedish constitution.

Every country has laws that in various degrees limits access to certain documents or makes it illegal to take photographs of certain military installations etc. In can also be illegal to deliver so-called ‘hate speeches’ or try to deny certain historical facts, as for instance in the case of denying the holocaust in Germany. However, the principle should be that free speech should really be as free as possible. It is, in my view, very disturbing when governments try to limit free speech just because it makes it easier to govern. And it is especially dangerous when press freedom is infringed upon. An important role for media is to scrutinize those in power. Making it illegal to search for information is a certain step towards dictatorship. That is why it is illegal in Sweden for authorities to even ask journalists to reveal their sources of information. If media cannot protect their sources the press will not be free.

Peter Forsskål (1732-1763) was one of Carl von Linné’s (1707-1778) disciples and published in 1759 a famous text on the neccessity of free speech, “Thoughts on Civil Liberty”. It is still worth reading today.

The following links might be of interest for those who wish to know more about Sweden and its tradition of free speech:

The Freedom of the Press Act

Media of Sweden

Censorship in Sweden

コメント

コメントの投稿















管理者にだけ表示を許可する

トラックバック

この記事のトラックバックURL
http://nuttycellist.blog77.fc2.com/tb.php/3047-ba613ec4